Ujung Kulon National Park, the last home of the last Javan Rhinoceros

Ujung Kulon National Park is one of the eldest national parks in Indonesia. The park was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for containing the largest remaining lowland rainforest in Java. The ecosystem of the park is started from the marine, the lowland tropical rainforest, the highland tropical rain forest, mangrove and savana. These ecosystems make the park is rich in flora and fauna.

It is a home for some rare and endangered animals as such Javan rhinoceros, Banteng (Javanese wild ox), Silvery Gibbon, Javan Lutung, Leopard, Rusa Deer, etc. Birds, amphibians and reptiles also live in these dense rainforest. The park is the only wildlife reserve for the last fifty Javan rinhoceros in the world. The park is also habitat for some rare and endangered plant species such as Batryohora geniculata, Cleidion spiciflorum, Heritiera percoriacea, and Knema globularia.

Ujung Kulon National Park which is located in the western most tip of Java have several beautiful offshore islands such as Panaitan, Handeuleum, Peucang and Krakatoa.

Interesting sites :

Peucang Island is one of the most favourite place for visitors. The island is very beautiful as to call “the Dream Land”. The island is the habitat of Russa timorensis and the long tail macaca (Macaca fscicularis).

Banteng feeding ground at Cidaon savana

Badak feeding groun at Cibunar

Sanghyangsirah cave

Panaitan island which has One Palm Point, the most favourable surfing point.

Cibiuk hot water resource

Cikacang waterfall, the habitat of Owa

Visitor activities :

Snorkelling, diving, wind surfing, hiking, camping, caving, jungle tracking, wild animal and bird watching, etc.

How to get there :

From Jakarta, drive to Serang (Banten Province) and continue to Labuan (1.5 hours). From Labuan continue to Taman Jaya, the starting point of the park (3.5 hours).

Best season to visit :

April to September every year

Contact :

Ujung Kulon National Park

Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan No.51, Labuan

Pandeglang, 42264, West Java

Telp./Fax. +62-253-801731

Website : http://www.ujungkulon.org

E-mail : info@ujungkulon.org


Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, the largest remaining primary lowland forest in Java

A home of endemic and endangered mammals, the Javan gibbon (Trachypithecus auratus) and the grizzled langur, Gunung Halimun Salak National Park covers a huge conservation area of 113,000 hectares. The park which is located in West Java is considered to be the largest remaining primary lowland forest in Java. It is also habitat for more than 200 bird species and 500 plant species. Kasepuhan is one the communities living in the park which still holds customary law tightly in their daily life. Their tradition is very attractive for visitors.

The park consists of several mounts which visitors can climb to. The height of the mount peak varies from 1,700 to 2,211 above sea level. Most of the mounts are covered by dense forest canopy. Therefore, mount climber must obey the rules declared by the park for safety reasons.

Other interesting objects are waterfalls. The park has several waterfalls scattered all over the park, such as :

  • Cimantaja and Cipamulan Waterfalls, located at Cikiray Village, Cikidang Subdristrict, Sukabumi District.
  • Piit (Cihanjawar), Walet and Cikudapaeh Waterfalls, located around Nirmala Tea Plantation.
  • Citangkolo Waterfall, located at Mekarjaya Village, Kabandungan Subdistrict, Sukabumi District.
  • Ciberang and Cileungsing Waterfalls, located around Leuwijamang Kampoong.
  • Ciarnisah Waterfall, located around Cibedug Kampoong.
  • At Mt. Salak there are several waterfalls, including: Cangkuang Waterfall (Cidahu); Pilung Waterfall (Girijaya); Cibadak Waterfall (Cijeruk); Citiis Waterfall (Ciapus); Nangka Waterfall (Taman Sari); Ciputri Waterfall (Tenjolaya); Cihurang, Cigamea, Ngumpet, and Seribu Waterfalls (Pamijahan), Cibeureum Waterfall (Jayanegara).

Ratu Crater which is located at the slope of Mt. Salak is another natural phenomenn attractive for visitors. Visitors must be very carefull as hazardous toxic gases may release from the crater.

 Cikaniki Research Station is another interesting place to visit inside the park. Within this station there are canopy trail. The trail is about 100 meters in length and about 25 – 30 meters height from the forest floor. It is a kind of suspended bridge used as bird watching or nature interpretation.

Homestay is available at Cikaniki village and Sukagalih village. Visitors can stay here to learn the local culture.

Visitor activities :

Hiking, mount climbing, jungle tracking, camping, bird watching, flora and fauna sightseeing.

How to get there :

From Jakarta, take buses or taxi or railway to Bogor.

From Bogor you must drive to Kabandungan via Parungkuda.

Some waterfalls are located near Bogor so you do not have to go to Kabandungan.

Best time of year to visit: June to August

 Contact :

Jl. Raya Cipanas, Kabandungan, Sukabumi

Telp./Fax. : +62-266-621256

Website : www.tnhalimun.go.id

E-mail : mail@tnhalimun.go.id

Meru Betiri National Park, the last home of the Javan Tiger

Meru Betiri National Park is located at Jember District, East Java, about 4 hours drive to the east from Surabaya, the capital city of East Java Province. The park consists of mangrove forest, swamp forest and lowland rain forest ecosystems. The park is known to be the last home of the endangered animal, the Javan tiger (Panthera trigis sondaica). It is a habitat of the rafflesia flower (Rafflesia zollingeriana), bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa), api-api (Avicennia sp) and many others including medicinal plants. A quite large protected mammals and birds live in this park including banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), panther (Panthera pardus), long-tailed macaca (Macaca fascicularis), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis). The beach which is bordered the park with the Indian Ocean on the southern part is habitat of turtles such as common green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Pacific ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), hawksbill turtle and leatherback turtle.

Interesting sites to visit :

Bande Alit Beach, Rajegwesi Beach and Sukamade Beach.

Sumbersari : grazing area

Visitor activities :

Traditional fishing, swimming, camping, wind surfing, body board, turtle egg laying, jungle tracking, bird watching, flora and fauna sightseeing.

Special program :

Jungle adventure starting from Bandealit Beach – Sumbergadung -Meru Bay – Permisan Bay – Sukamade Beach (18 km, 3 days). Best time : June – Sepember.

Jungle adventure starting from Bandealit Beach – Meru Bay (14 Km, 5-6 hours).

Best time of year visit : throughout the year

How to get there :

Take a bus or railway to Jember. To get to each location you must rent a car or by your own car, the best way is to have an arrangement with National Park officer.

Contact :

Meru Betiri National Park

Jl. Sriwijaya 53 Kotak Pos 269

Jember – 68101

Telp./Fax. : +62-331-321530 / +62-331-335535

website : http://www.merubetiri.com

E-mail : meru@telkom.net


What visitors should know

Rules for visitors

It is forbidden to:

  • Bring in firearms, air rifles, stun rifles, sharp weapons, pets, seeds, chemical substances, guitars, tape recorders/radios, alcoholic beverages, and drugs.

  • Commit any actions, against either plants or animals, that could damage the stability of the area.

  • Hunt, catch, take or possess any animals or any parts thereof, either alive or dead, except for research purposes.

  • Cut down, take or possess any plants or any parts thereof, either alive or dead, except for purposes.

  • Commit any actions that cause a change in the soil condition.

  • Damage, take or possess sea biota and their organs, either alive or dead, except for research purposes.

  • Visit any locations outside the designated areas.

  • Vandalize plants, rocks, buildings, etc.

  • Dispose of garbage and other materials that could cause environmental contamination, except in the garbage cans provided.

  • Make any noise/disturbance that disturbs animals and the peace of nature.

  • Light fires which could cause forest fires, except in the places provided.

  • Make camp/pitch tents outside camping grounds, except for expedition and research purposes.

  • Make tracks other than those already designated, for the purposes of mountain climbing, rafting navigating rivers or exploring forests.

Visitors must:

  • purchase an entrance ticket.

  • Notify park staff on entering and when leaving a nationsl park area.

  • Abide by the prevailing laws and regulations and guidance from the park staff.

  • Support, assist and take part in the protections and conservation of forests.

  • Seek information on conservation education from park staff (for visitors in groups)

  • Show a revelant certificate for activities such as diving or surving.

  • Be acommpanied by park staff for activities such as research and trekking through jungle zones.

  • Produce a report and present provisional research finding to the head of the national park concerned.

Visitors’ rights:

  • To receive good service from park staff.

  • To request a guide from the park staff, if necessary.

  • To give input to the park staff for the purpose of improving visitor service.

 Other thing’s visitor should know

 Visits for the purpose of ordinary recreation

Such visits can only be made to the utilization zone of the park.

Visits for the purpose of camping

  • Visitor must request permission from the head of the National Park a few days in advance.

  • The location of the activity must be in accordance with the permit.


  • Visitor must request permission from the National Park Office a few days in advance.

  • Visitor with heart disease are recommended not to go rafting.

Visits for the purpose of diving, snorkelling and surfing 

  • Visitor who cannot swim are recommended not to undertake such activities.

  • These activities are restricted to the location provided.

  • Visitor wishing to learn how to dive and surf may obtain information and assistance from park staff.

Visits for the purpose of research 

  • Researchers may seek information on the objects of their research from the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation.

  • Foreign researchers must obtain a recommendation from the indonesian institute of Sciences (LIPI) and other authorities as specified in the permit.

  • Research permits are issued by the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Ministry of Forestry.

    To guarantee their comfort and safety and to ensure that they get most from their visit, visitors should pay attention to the following guidelines:

  • Wear sufficiently thick clothes with long sleeves.

  • Wear comfortable, non-slip shoes.

  • Bring any necessary food, drink, and equipment in line with the purpose of the visit.

  • Bring first-aid medicines to treat headaches, stomach ache, and minor injuries, anti-malaria tablets, anti-toxins, and any personal medications necessary.

  • Bring insect repellent and cream for burns.

  • Do not act recklessly.

  • Stay alert throughout the visit, in particular to the possible dangers of snakes, slippery tracks, area prone to landslides, so on.

  • Follow instructions, whether they are posted notice/information boards, or given directly by the park staff.

  • Learn about the characteristics or types of poisonous plants and animals.

  • Visitor intending to observe animals, plants or sea biota are recommended to bring a field guide and suitable equipment, such as a pair of binoculars, a magnifying glass, etc.

  • visitor intending to engage in mountain climbing, forest exploration, ranting and river travel should bring plastic garbage bags for any bottles, cans and packaging of food or drink consumed on the trip which must be brought back out of the forest and dispose of on the garbage cans provided.

Tanjung Puting National Park, home of Orangutan

Located at Kotawaringin Barat District, Central Kalimantan Tengah Province, Tanjung Puting National Park is known worldwide as a home for Orangutan  (Pongo pygmaeus), the great apes in the world. Today, there are hundreds of them living in this tropical rain forest. The forest is also a habitat other primates such as bekantan (Nasalis larvatus), lutung (Presbytis cristata), beruk (Macaca nemestrina), hundred species of orchids and birds, mammals, etc.

Tanjung Puting National Park has become favourite destination for wild life adventure in the country. The local as well as tourists from abroad come to the park mostly to have a great experience to see rrang utan. Camp Leakay is the place where people can see orang utan at feeding time. The place is built for research and adolescent and semi-wild orang-utan rehabilitation program. It offers orangutan feeding program which is very attractive for visitors. From the capital city of Kotawaringin Barat District, Pangkalan Bun, the place can be reached by boat (a hour) or wooden ship (4 hours).

Other sites available are :

Tanjung Harapan and Sekonyer Village : suitable for ecotourism activities. Facilities available are Information centre, guest house, observation tower. Feeding orang utan program is in the afternoon. The place is about 90 minutes from Kumai by boat.

Pesalat Reforestation Area : program available is conservation and education program. Other program offered is planting and adopting trees. Camping ground is also available in this site. The place is about 20 minutes from Tanjung Harapan.

Pondok Tanggui : The place is designated for adolescent and semi-wild orang utan rehabilitation program. Feedeng program is at 9 PM daily. The place is bout 60 minutes from Pesalat.

Buluh Besar and Buluh Kecil River : The rivers are located in the heart of the park. They are black like water. In this site, there are seasonal lake which is attractive for water birds and migrants to breed. The place can be reached by klotok (wooden ship) at about 3 hours journey.

Cabang river : The place offers a beautiful sandy beach. Visitors can also enjoy traditional fishing. The beach is very important nesting place for turtles such as green turtles and scale turtles.


Visitors activities : orang utan feeding program, flora and fauna sightseeing, camping


How to get there :

Take fligt from Jakarta to Pangkalan Bun.

To go to the sites you have to take boat or Klotok (wooden ship) from Kumai Harbour. The harbour is about 15 km from Pangkalan Bun.


Best time of year visit : throughout the year


Contact :

Tanjung Puting National Park

Jl. HM. Rafií Km. 2

Pangkalan Bun 74112, Kalimantan Tengah

Telp./Fax. +62-532-23832

Website : http://www.tanjungputingnationalpark.com

E-mail : btntp@yahoo.com

National Park in Indonesia at a glance

INDONESIA, definitely is a beautiful country located within the boundaries of equatorial tropical rain belt. Its tropical climate makes the country very rich in biodiversity. As an archipelago, Indonesia consists of more than 17.508 islands surrounded by seawaters. This geographical position characterizes the country with abundance of rainfall, high temperature and a high humidity spreading across the country. Indonesia has two seasons, the dry season which falls between March until October and the rainy season which falls between September until February. Indonesia is also well known for its richness in volcanoes. Bromo Tengger Semeru, Rinjani, are among the volcanoes most visited by people. The tropical forest of Indonesia is home for some endandered animals such as Sumateran Tigers, Orang Utan, Rhinocheros, the giant lizard of Komodo and Birds of Paradize.

Cultural. Each island has its own uniqueness in term of race, language, food, tradition, etc. Indonesia is very proud of its unity in diversity (Bhineka Tunggal Ika). The differences of historical traditions, customs, languages, cultural, religions, and people, are respected by all Indonesians.

Transportation. Soekarno Hatta International Airport is the biggest airport in Indonesia, located in Banten province, about one hour drive from the capital city of Jakarta. A number of international airport have also been available in some big cities such as Medan (North Sumatera), Balikpapan (East Kalimantan), Denpasar (Bali) and Makasar (South Sulawesi). Air transportation connects the capital city of all provinces in Indonesia. Besides, buses and sea transportation are also commonly used by Indonesia for travelling within the island or going out to another island. But, the railway station is only available within the Java and Sumatera Islands.

Standard Time. Indonesia has three time zones. Western Indonesia Standard Time (WIB) equals GMT plus 7 hours covering Sumatera, Java, West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan. Central Indonesia Standard Time (WIT) equals GMT plus 8 hours covering South Kalimantan, all provinces in Sulawesi, Bali, West and East Nusa Tenggara. Eastern Indonesia Standard Time (WITA) equals GMT plus 9 hours covering provinces of Maluku and Papua.

Conservation area. The Protected area in Indonesia which comprises both terrestrial and marine area covers 27,190,992.91 hectares of the forest area. These areas is designated based on its characteristics and functions into some categories namely National Park (50 units), Nature Recreational Park (118 Units), Grand Forest Park (22 units), Strict Nature Reserve (248 Unit), Wildlife Sanctuary Reserve (75 Unit), Hunting Park (14 Unit).  These protected areas are declared to conserve living resources through the management whose wise utilization will ensure their maintaining and improving their value and variety.  Conservation of living resources and their ecosystems shall be brought through the following activities, that are : protection of life supporting systems, preservation of plant and animal species diversity and their ecosystems, and sustainable utilization of living resources and their ecosystems.  This managed protected area is to conserve of living organisms for mainly intended to maintain ecological processes which support continued existence of living organisms for enhancing human welfare and the quality of human life.

National Park. Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia is endowed with some of the most extensive and biologically diverse tropical forests in the world. The tropical forest of Indonesia which covers approximately 60% of the country constitutes of different type of ecosystems and is a home for 29 375 vascular plant species , 1,604 birds, 667 mammals, 511 reptiles and 300 amphibians. Flagship species such as elephant, tiger , orangutan , rhinoceros or leopard live in this country, although there are endangered. The biodiversity richness makes the country well known as mega-biodiversity country, the highest level of biodiversity (after Brazil).

As an archipelago, Indonesia comprises of 13,466 islands and around 6,000 islands are inhabited.  The coastline of Indonesia is surrounded by tropical seas that contribute to the country’s high level of biodiversity. Indonesia has a range of sea and coastal ecosystems, including beaches, sand dunes, estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs, sea grass beds, coastal mudflats, tidal flats, algal beds, and small island ecosystem. Indonesia is one of Coral Triangle countries with the world’s greatest diversity of coral reef fish with more than 1,650 species in eastern Indonesia only.

The strategies for conservation and sustainable utilization of biodiversity have comprised providing special status and protection to biodiversity-rich areas by declaring them as conservation areas including national park, nature recreational park, wildlife sanctuaries, hunting park, grand forest park and strict nature reserve.

Indonesia has 50 national parks which are spread from western to the eastern part of Indonesia. Each national park has its own uniqueness in term of ecosystem, flora, fauna as well as the social and cultural live of people surrounding the park.  These uniqueness are very attractive for tourist to come and leads to a number of national park have been well known world -wide and have become major tourist destinations. The examples are Bromo Tengger Semeru and Rinjani National Parks which are well known for their uniqueness, Bunaken and Takabonerate National Parks which have beautiful marine park, Ujung Kulon and Komodo National Parks which are well known as a home for endangered animal of rhinoceros and komodo subsequently. Additionally, Tanjung Puting National Park is home for orang utan and Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park is well known as the Kingdom of butterfly. Each national park has its own characteristic and uniqueness.

Marine National Park. For diving lovers, the marine park of Indonesia is considered as the world’s best country for sea life which has more marine diversity anywhere on earth, hence it is so called as “The garden of Eden”. Indonesia has 20% of the world’s coral reefs, over 3,000 different species of fish and 600 coral species, deep water trenches, volcanic sea mounts, World War II wrecks, and an endless variety of macro life, scuba diving in Indonesia is both excellent and considered as inexpensive. Some well known dive sites are the marine park of Bunaken Marine National Park, Taka Bonerate Marine National Park and Komodo National Park. Besides, Wakatobi and Teluk Cendrawasih Marine National Park are also undoubtly amazing.

So…you will not regret to spend your leisure time to enjoy the beauty of Indonesian National Park.