Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, The Kingdom of Butterfly

It was Alfred Russel Wallace, the English naturalist who made his journey to the Indo-Malaya archipelago during 1856 – 1862. During his journey, he explored flora and fauna of Bantimurung in South Sulawesi, Indonesia since 1857 – 1857. His book “The Malay Archipelago” consists his finding including the richness of butterfly in Bantimurung Area. Hereafter, Bantimurung was so called “The Kingdom of Butterfly”.

During the Dutch Colony, Bantimurung was appointed as conservation area and then in 1981, the Ministry of Agriculture designated Bantimurung as Natural Recreational Park. Then, the park was designated as National Park in 2005.

Bantimurung National Park is located in Maros District, about 1 hour drive from Makasar, the capital city of South Sulawesi Province. Ecosystem of the park is mostly dominated by forest over limestone (carst ecosystem) which is separated into two locations. Firstly is Maros – Pangkep carst in the western part and secondly is Mallawa in the northern part. The  geomorphology of the carst in the park is tower like carst, so then it is called as “The spectacular Tower Carst). This type of carst can not be found in any other part of Indonesia. Conical hill carst is the most common type of carst in the country.

In accordance with the name given by Alfred, the number of butterfly species is spectacular. During his expedition, Alfred has identified more than 200 species. In 1977, Mattimu identified 103 species and until October 2011 the official of the park has been identified. Papilio blumei which is endemic to Sulawesi is used as flagship of the park. Since 2010, the park has been built butterfly breeding.

The park is also a home for Macaca maura, the black monkey  and Tarsius tersier. Both are endemic to the island. Above all, more than 356 species of wild animal has been identified in the park.

Visitor activities

Camping, enjoying the fresh Bantimurung waterfall, flora and fauna sightseeing, visiting butterfly breeding, caving.

How to get there

Take a flight to Makassar, the capital city of South Sulawesi Province.

Take a taxi to Maros District, about one hour drive.

Best time year to visit : throughout the year

Facilities :

Guest house, camping ground

Contact :

Taman Nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung

Jl. Poros Maros – Bone Km 12. PO BOX 4747, Makassar

Telp./Fax. +62-4113880139

Website :


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