Komodo National Park has been more popular wide-world recently, since it was nominated as one of the 7 Wonders of the World. It is the enormous lizards, the endangered Komodo Dragon living in this island which made Komodo Island decreed as a national park in 1980. The designations aim to protect the habitat of Komodo as to prevent them from extinct. Komodo (Varanus komodoensis) is the biggest reptile in the world and they can only be seen in this island and the adjacent island, Rinca. These descendents of dinosaurs may reach up to 3 meters in length and weigh of 150 kilograms and may lay up to 30 eggs at a time. Today, almost 5,700 Komodo still live in the island. These giant lizards are not the only tourist attractions can be seen in the park. The park was acknowledged as a Man and Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site in 1986. Sitting in between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores, to the east of Bali, Komodo island is dominated by a range of rounded hills oriented along a north-south axis at an elevation of 500-600m. The open grass-woodland savannah covers almost 70% of the park.
The savannah is dominated by lontar (Borassus flabellifer). Additionally, rotan (Calamus sp.), bambu (Bambusa sp.), asam (Tamarindus indica), kepuh (Sterculia foetida), bidara (Ziziphus jujuba), and bakau (Rhizophora sp.) are some of typical plants which can be found in the island. Besides Komodos, the park is a home for animals such as rusa (Cervus timorensis floresiensis), babi hutan (Sus scrofa), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), kuda liar (Equus qaballus) and kerbau liar (Bubalus bubalis). Some 72 species of bird have been recorded, including yellow-crested cockatoo, noisy friar bird and common scrubhen. The surrounding ocean which also part of the park is beautifully edged with white sand coastline. The water is very rich in biodiversity. The beautiful and colourful intact reefs are abundant with coral and fish species. According to studies there are 259 of coral reef species and 1000 of fish species including sharks, rays, tunas, whales, live in this marine. Another creatures such as pygmy seahorses, frogfish and unusual nudibranch and can easily be seen.
Pulau Lasa, Pantai Merah, Loh Bo dan Sebita. Diving, snorkelling, glass bottom boat
Banu Nggulung. Wild life watching
Best season to visit: March – June and October-December
By flight from Denpasar-Labuan Bajo following by fery or speedboat from Labuan Bajo to the park.
Komodo National Park Office
Jl. Kasimo, Labuan Bajo
Flores Barat 86554, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Telp. (0385) 41004, 41005
Fax. (0385) 41006