Sembilang National Park, A place for birds to migrate

Sembilang National Park which is  located in Palembang, South Sumatera is one of Ramsar site in Indonesia. The park represents wetland ecosystem including swamp peat forest, swamp forest and riparian zone. Typical plants grow in such ecosystem are Acrostichum aureum, Nypa fruticans, Casuarina equisetifolia,Pandanus tectorius,Hibiscus tiliaceus,Oncosperma tigillaria,Dyera costulata,Koompassia excels, Syzygium inophylla, Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia alba, and Bruguiera gimnorrhiza.

The park is a habitat for wild life mammals including Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Tapirus indicus, long tailed mongkey (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus), golden cat (Catopuma temminckii temminckii), deer (Cervus unicolor equinus), crocodile (Crocodylus porosus),Varanus salvator, dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris). Besides, the park is also an important habitat for various fish and bird species such as Limnodromus semipalmatus, Pseudototanus guttifer, Pelecanus onocrotalus, Mycteria cinerea, Leptoptilos javanicus, Chlidonias leucoptera,etc. Thousands bird from Siberia migrate annually to the park and they reach in number in October. The sounds made by their wings is outrages and they make a very beautiful phenomenon.

Interesting sites :

Semenanjung Banyuasin, Sembilang, Teluk Benawan, Teluk Sekanak, Betet Island : fishing, bird watching, mangrove touring, river touring, dolphins watching.

Related interesting events :

Krakatau Festival on June in Bandar Lampung

Ranau Lake Festival on December in Ogan Komering Ilir

Best time to visit : June to August

How to get there :

Take flight to Palembang, followed by speedboat to Sungsang (2 hour). Take another speedboat from Sungsang to Sembilang (2 hour).

Contact address :

Sembilang National Park Office

Jl. AMD Kel. Talang Jambe

Kec. Sukarame, Palembang

Telp. +627117839200

Teluk Cendrawasih National Park, The Largest Marine National Park in Indonesia

Teluk Cenderawasih National Park represents the coral reef, marine, mangrove and terrestrial tropical rain forest ecosystem in Papua,the eastern province of Indonesia.The park is the largest marine national park of which 89,8% of its area is marine. The park is very rich in fish species (209 sp) including butterflyfish, angelfish, damselfish, parrotfish,rabbitfish and anemonefish. It has a significant species of coral reef (150 sp) which scatters on the shores of 18 big and small islands within the park. The percentage of living coral reef varies from 30,  40% to 65,64%. Generally, they are divided into two zona, reef flat and reef slope. The park is a home for moluca such as cypraea spp, Lambis spp, Conus spp, Chaonia tritonis and Tridacna gigas, turtles such as  Eretmochelys imbricata, Chelonia mydas, Lepidochelys olivaceae, Dermochelys coriacea, and mammals such as Dugong dugon, Balaenoptera musculus,Birgus latro,dolphins, sharks and whales. Above all, some natural phenomenon can also be found in the park such as caves, hot water resources in Misowaar Island and 100 feet underwater cave in Tanjung Mangguar Island. Wendesi, Wasior, and Yomber are some places where visitor can see treasures from the 18th century. Visitors come to Yende in Roon Island to see Bible which was published in 1898.

Interesting sites and activities :

Rumberpon island : birdwatching,snorkel, diving

Nusrowi island : snorkel, diving, fauna safari

Mioswaar island : hot springwater, waterfall, snorkel, diving, cultural attractions

Yoop and Windesi : whale shark and dolphins

Roon island : bird watching, snorkel, diving, waterfall, old church, cultural attractions

 Best time to visit : May until October

How to get there : Take a flight from Jakarta or Surabaya or Denpasar to Biak. Take another flight from Biak to Manokwari or Nabire. From Manokwari take longboat (5,5 hours) to Rumberpon island or take a 3 hour drive to Ransiki, followed by motorboat (2,5 hour).

Contact Office :

Teluk Cendrawasih National Park Office

Jl. Trikora Wosi Rendani, Kotak Pos 229

Manokwari 98312, Papua Barat

Telp. +62986212212

Fax. +62986212437

E-mail : btntc@manokwari.wasantara.net.id.