Bali Barat National Park, A Home of The Near Extinct “Jalak Bali”

Laying in the north western side of Bali island, Bali Barat National Park is an important habitat for the endemic and near extinct bird species, Jalak Bali/Bali Myne (Luecopsar rothschildi). Historically, it was the Germany biologist, Dr. Baron Sressman who accidentally landed his Maluku II Expedition ship to this island. During his stay di Singaraja for 3 months, he found the Bali Starling as his research specimen in Bubunan Villages.Following, Dr. Baron Viktor von Plesen did his study intensively on this bird species which was said only live in Bubunan Villave untuk Gilimanuk (320 Km2). In order to preserve the bird, the area was then decreed as Nature Park in 1947. The park is not only important for the Bali Myne. It is also a home for 105 aves species, 120 fish species, 7 mammal species, 2 reptile species, etc.  The park which cover 19.002 hectare comprises of  15.587 hectare (terrestrial area) and 3.145 hectare (marine area). Mangrove forest, monsoon forest, river rain forest, coral reef, deep and shallow marine, lowland forest,etc. form the ecosystem of the park.

Tourist Attractions

Bird watching Tour with 4 choices spots : (1). Mangrove : is very necessary area for type of birds which is life in water, like kingfisher family, parrot, stork, egrets, tattler, herons, terns, other scaffolding bird and pelagic, (2) .Savannah: this grassland is necessary area for starling family, kingfisher, coucals, bee-eater, nighjar, alap-alap, pipit, weavers, java sparrows, swallow, wood-swallow, parrots and the other birds (3) Monsson Forest: is necessary area for forest pigeon bird, woodpecker, drongos, bulbuls, flowerpackers, crow, orioles, owl, alap-alap, oriental honey-buzzard and the other , (4) Lowland Forest: is necessary area for oriental pied hornbill, wreathed hornbill, tiong, elang paok, forest pigeon and other birds.

Hiking the trails to explore the park ; (1) Tegal Blunder Trail (2) Gunung Klatakan Trail (3) Prapat Agung Peninsula Trail  ; Mangrove Tour hiking ; Snorkeling and diving in Menjangan Island

How to get there

From Denpasar take a 5 hour drive to Cekik, western part of Bali. From Banyuwanggi (Eastern part of Java) take a fery to Gilimanuk seaport.

 

 

 

 

 

Contact :

Bali Barat National Park Office. Jl. Raya Gilimanuk, Denpasar.

Telp./Fax. : +62(365)61060

Website : http://www.tnbalibarat.com

E-mail: tnbb09@gmail.com. fb: Taman Nasional Bali Barat

twitter: @balibarat

 

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Komodo National Park, Home of the descendents of dinosour

 

Komodo National Park has been more popular wide-world recently, since it was nominated as one of the 7 Wonders of the World. It is the enormous lizards, the endangered Komodo Dragon living in this island which made Komodo Island decreed as a national park in 1980. The designations aim to protect the habitat of Komodo as to prevent them from extinct. Komodo (Varanus komodoensis) is the biggest reptile in the world and they can only be seen in this island and the adjacent island, Rinca.  These descendents of dinosaurs may reach up to 3 meters in length and weigh of 150 kilograms and may lay up to 30 eggs at a time. Today, almost 5,700 Komodo still live in the island. These giant lizards are not the only tourist attractions can be seen in the park. The park was acknowledged as a Man and Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site in 1986. Sitting in between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores, to the east of Bali, Komodo island is dominated by a range of rounded hills oriented along a north-south axis at an elevation of 500-600m. The open grass-woodland savannah covers almost 70% of the park.

The savannah is dominated by  lontar (Borassus flabellifer). Additionally, rotan (Calamus sp.), bambu (Bambusa sp.), asam (Tamarindus indica), kepuh (Sterculia foetida), bidara (Ziziphus jujuba), and bakau (Rhizophora sp.) are some of typical plants which can be found in the island. Besides Komodos, the park is a home for animals such as rusa (Cervus timorensis floresiensis), babi hutan (Sus scrofa), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), kuda liar (Equus qaballus) and kerbau liar (Bubalus bubalis). Some 72 species of bird have been recorded, including yellow-crested cockatoo, noisy friar bird and common scrubhen. The surrounding ocean which also part of the park is beautifully edged with white sand coastline. The water is very rich in biodiversity. The beautiful and colourful intact reefs are abundant with coral and fish species. According to studies there are 259 of coral reef species and 1000 of fish species including sharks, rays, tunas, whales, live in this marine. Another creatures such as pygmy seahorses, frogfish and unusual nudibranch and can easily be seen.

rusa at Rinca island (c) KuswandonoInteresting sites :
Loh Liang. The main entrance for wild life watching, cultural attraction, white sand beaches

Pulau Lasa, Pantai Merah, Loh Bo dan Sebita. Diving, snorkelling, glass bottom boat

Banu Nggulung. Wild life watching

Best season to visit: March – June and October-December

How to get there

By flight from Denpasar-Labuan Bajo following by fery or speedboat from Labuan Bajo to the park.

Contact :

Komodo National Park Office

Jl. Kasimo, Labuan Bajo
Flores Barat 86554, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Telp. (0385) 41004, 41005
Fax. (0385) 41006
E-mail: tnkomodo@indosat.net.id

Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park

 

Located in Sumba Island, Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park consists plenty of steepy slopes. The slopes rise from the sea reaching height of 600 meters. The park is a habitat of 87 species of birds, all are protected. 7 out of them are endemic to the island including Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata, Rhyticeros everetti, Treron teysmannii, Ficedula harterti, Coracina dohertyi, Nectarinia buettikofer. The first two birds are rare and almost extinct. The park is also home for 57 butterfly species, 7 of them are endemic to the island; Papilio neumoegenii, Ideopsis oberthurii, Delias fasciata, Junonia adulatrix, Athyma karita, Sumalia chilo, dan Elimnia amoena. In term of flora, there are 118 species including Toona sureni, Sterculia foetida, Schleichera oleosa, Alstonia scholaris, Tamarindus indica, Aleurites moluccana, Syzygium sp., Casuarina sp.) and Lantana camara.

Interesting sites :

Lapopu Waterfall

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matayangu Waterfall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beaches ; Aili, Hipi, Maloba, Marabakul

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caves : Jaga, Pattamawai, Bakul, Ngaduredu, Ngacupadano

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Visitor Activities :

Jungle trekking, camping, bird watching,

Best time to visit : March until June and October until December yearly

How to get there : Take a flight from Jakarta to Denpasar (Bali). Continue by flight to Tambolaka. Take a drive to Waikabubak about one and half hours.

 Contact :

Manupe Tanah Daru National Park Office

 Kantor: Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan

PO Box 15, Kupang 85228

Nusa Tenggara Timur

Telp. (0380) 832211