Wakatobi National Park, the Underwater Paradize

Laying in the the heart of world coral triangle centre, Wakatobi National Park offers a stunning and amazing “underwater paradise”.  The name of the park derives from four big islands of Wangi-wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia dan Binongko which form the park. There is about 25 clusters of coral reefs connected with 600km coastlines. Wakatobi is located just off the south-eastern tip of Sulawesi. In the past, the archipelago was well known as Tukang Besi which is inhabited by Suku Bajau or Suku Laut. The park which is  the second largest marine park in Indonesia after Teluk Cendrawasih in Papua is very rich in biodiversity.

 In a comparison with Caribia which has 100 specimen of underwater species, the Wakatobi is wealthier by means of having 750 species out of 850 species found in Indonesia. A research carried out by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) dan World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) in 2003 revealed that there are 396 coral reef species and 590 fish species live in the reefs including Acropora formosa, A. Hyacinthus, Psammocora profundasafla, Pavona cactus, Leptoseris yabei, Fungia molucensis, Lobophyllia robusta, Merulina ampliata, Platygyra versifora, Euphyllia glabrescens, Tubastraea frondes, Stylophora pistillata, throchelliophorum Sarcophyton, and Sinularia spp. In some places along the reef, there are some underwater caves.For dive lovers, Wakatobi is such an eden for them. The life underneath the Wakatobi marine is so fascinating.

It is just like a giant aquarium where people can see and interact with abundant and colourful fish such as whales (physeter macrocephalus, Globicephala macrorhyncus, Orcinus orca, Feresa attenuata),dolphins (Steno bredenensis, Grampus griseus, Tursiops truncates, Peponocephala electra, Delphinus delphis, Stenella longiotris, Tursiops truncatus), turtles (Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys imbricate, Caretta, Lepidochelys olivacea), Napoleon (Cheilinus undulatus), Dugong dugong,

Tourist attractions : snorkelling, diving, swimming, caving

Best time to visit : April and December

How to get there : Flight to Kendari, take a wooden ship from Kendari to Bau-bau (5 or 12 hours) and followed by another 2 hours drive to Lasalimu. From Lasalimu, take wooden ship or speedboat to Wanci (2,5 hours).

Contact :

Wakatobi National Park Office

Balai Taman Nasional Wakatobi
Jln. Dayanu Ikhsanuddin No.71
Bau-Bau, Sulawesi Tenggara
Telp/Fax : +62 402 2826326

Website : http://wakatobinationalpark.com

e-mail : info@wakatobinationalpark.com

fb : Taman Nasional Wakatobi

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Taka Bonerate National Park, the third largest atoll in the world

Taka Bonerate is one of the most beautiful marine parks in Indonesia. Laying southwest of Selayar Island, the park has the third largest atoll in the world, after Kwajifein in the Marshall Islands and Suvadiva in the Maldives. The park spreads over 220.000 hectares, with a coral reef flat area is 500Km2, and comprises of more than 21 small islands. Taka Bonerate  used to be known as Tiger Islands and Gold Reef.

The park is a paradise for dive lovers as the atoll which is rich in coral reef and seagrass ecosystem offering some very good wall diving. The atoll rises sharply about 2.000 meters below the surface of water and was formed from a collapse of a huge volcano. The biodiversity of the reef is very high offering attractive spot dives, including drop off- spot dive in some places. The waters inside the atoll are magnificent turquoise, surrounded by the deepest blue imaginable. The atolls are grouped consisting of islands and coral reef a broad and sunken, forming islands. And they are rich with 158 species of unique corals.

The water has abundance amount of fish such as wahoo, barracuda, giant trevally, marlin, sailfish, yellowfish, etc.  It also a home for some endangered species such as sea turtles. There are about 295 types of coral fish and fish consumption of high economic value such as Kerapu (Epinephelus spp.), Tuna (Katsuwonus spp.), Napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus), and baronang (Siganus sp.).Tinabo island is the best travelling destination within the park.

Visitor activities : snorkelling, diving, sun bathing, enjoying sun rise and sun set, enjoying the beautiful landscape.

Visit best season: May untill October each year.

How to get there

Take flight from Jakarta or Surabaya to Hasanuddin Airport, Makassar.

Take flight from Makassar to H. Aroepala Airport, Selayar (about 45 minutes . The schedule is sometimes changing accordingly with changing of weather.

Or Take a bus from Makassar to Bulukumba (153 km) at about five hours drive and then to the port with ferry Pamatata Selayar about two hours, and then extended to Benteng approximately 1.5 hours drive by bus. To get to Tinabo Island, from Benteng (Selayar) take a “Jolloro”(wooden boat)  will take 7 – 8 hours or at Pattumbukan Harbour will take 4 – 5 hours.

Facilities :

Accomodation started from Rp. 250.000,- per night

Dive centres

Contact :

Taka Bonerate National Park

Jl. S. Parman 40, Benteng, Selayar, South Sulawesi 92812

Ph/Fax : (0414) 21565

Web site: http//www.tntakabonerate.com

Email : info@tntakabonerate.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bunaken National Park,the paradise of marine park

Bunaken which is lying in north Sulawesi, is one of the most favourite tourist destination in Indonesia, mostly those who like to dive. The beauty of marine park within Bunaken National Park is undoubtly amazing. The Bunaken and Manado Tua Marine Park are one of the world’s best snorkelling and diving spots. Bunaken National Park is very representative of Indonesian tropical water ecosystems, consisting seagrass, coral reef, and land/coastal ecosystem. Some rare and endangered species also lives in this marine park such as coelacanths, dugongs, whales, turtles, and dolphins. The park has a unique bathymetry, which is an attraction to tourists diving at Bunaken Island. The absence of a continental shelf in the northern part of North Sulawesi allows the coastal area to drop directly down the continental shelf . The park consists of the islands of Bunaken, Manado Tua, Montehage, Siladen, Nain and Nain Kecil as well as part of Tanjung Pisok coastal area in the northern part. Whereas, part of Tanjung Kelapa cost covers the southern part.

How to get there

Take a flight to Manado.

Boats and chartered boats, are available at Manado Harbour to get to Bunaken Islands (30 minutes).

Best time of year to visit : May to August

Facilities :

Hotels, restaurants, dive centres.

Contact :

Jl. Raya Molas, Kotak Pos 1202

Manado 95242, North Sulawesi

Telp./Fax. +62-431-859022

Website : http://www.tn-bunaken.com

E-mail : tn_bunaken@yahoo.com

Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, The Kingdom of Butterfly

It was Alfred Russel Wallace, the English naturalist who made his journey to the Indo-Malaya archipelago during 1856 – 1862. During his journey, he explored flora and fauna of Bantimurung in South Sulawesi, Indonesia since 1857 – 1857. His book “The Malay Archipelago” consists his finding including the richness of butterfly in Bantimurung Area. Hereafter, Bantimurung was so called “The Kingdom of Butterfly”.

During the Dutch Colony, Bantimurung was appointed as conservation area and then in 1981, the Ministry of Agriculture designated Bantimurung as Natural Recreational Park. Then, the park was designated as National Park in 2005.

Bantimurung National Park is located in Maros District, about 1 hour drive from Makasar, the capital city of South Sulawesi Province. Ecosystem of the park is mostly dominated by forest over limestone (carst ecosystem) which is separated into two locations. Firstly is Maros – Pangkep carst in the western part and secondly is Mallawa in the northern part. The  geomorphology of the carst in the park is tower like carst, so then it is called as “The spectacular Tower Carst). This type of carst can not be found in any other part of Indonesia. Conical hill carst is the most common type of carst in the country.

In accordance with the name given by Alfred, the number of butterfly species is spectacular. During his expedition, Alfred has identified more than 200 species. In 1977, Mattimu identified 103 species and until October 2011 the official of the park has been identified. Papilio blumei which is endemic to Sulawesi is used as flagship of the park. Since 2010, the park has been built butterfly breeding.

The park is also a home for Macaca maura, the black monkey  and Tarsius tersier. Both are endemic to the island. Above all, more than 356 species of wild animal has been identified in the park.

Visitor activities

Camping, enjoying the fresh Bantimurung waterfall, flora and fauna sightseeing, visiting butterfly breeding, caving.

How to get there

Take a flight to Makassar, the capital city of South Sulawesi Province.

Take a taxi to Maros District, about one hour drive.

Best time year to visit : throughout the year

Facilities :

Guest house, camping ground

Contact :

Taman Nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung

Jl. Poros Maros – Bone Km 12. PO BOX 4747, Makassar

Telp./Fax. +62-4113880139

Website : http://tn-babul.org/

E-mail :tnbabul@tnbabul.org

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