Danau Sentarum National Park, the most excotic water system in the world

Danau Sentarum National Park lies in the upstream of Kapuas River, about 700 km from the delta. It was acknowledged as Ramsar Site in 1994 and decreed as a national park in 1999.  The park consists of seasonal lakes and freshwater swamp forest. There are 88 small islands and 80 lakes forming the park. Surrounded by mountains such as Lanjak in the north, Muller in the east, Kelingkang in the west and dataran tinggi Madi in the south, the park is more like a basin. The basin functions like a reservoir. During the rainy season, the basin will be flooded. The wet season usually take about 9 – 10 months wetting the basin at 6 – 14 meters in  depth. On the contrary, it will dry during drought season and some lakes within the basin would form a bared land. These conditions make the lakes have a very unique ecosystem.

The fish are abundant in the lakes including arwana Super Red (Sceropagus formosus), Botia macracantha, Colus microlepis are endemic to Danau Sentarum . A number of 266 fish species have been recorded living in the lakes. According to the study, there have been 311 bird species including Strom’s Stork and Great Argus, 147 mammal species including Proboscis monkey and orangutan (Pongo pymaeus), and 31 reptile specie. Crocodillus raninus which are said to be extinct have ever been found the park. Additionaly, of the 675 species of flora living in the park 154 is orchid species.For the local, the lakes which cover 132.000 hectare, play an important role for their life. They  traditionally catch the fish from the lakes and sell them to the city. About 70% of the fish in West Kalimantan sold in the market is from Danau Sentarum. There is an interesting phenomenon with regard to the local. During drought season when the fish are abundant and easy to catch, people from outside of the park would come to the lakes to catch the fish. However, when rainy season are due to, they leave the park and only the local stay. The park also provide another income for the local. It is the honey bee which have also been supported the ecoomic of the local. There have been 15 – 20 ton honey bee yielded per year. Danau Sentarum honey bee has had an international organic bee sertificate from the Indonesia Organic Association. Melayu, Dayak Iban, Dayak Kantuk and Dayak Embaloh are 4 tribes who have been living in the park since their ancestor. They have been take fish and honey from the park sustainably and they are very concerned to preserve the park.

How to get there

By flight to Pontianak followed by another flight or by bus from Pontianak to Putussibau

Contact :

Danau Sentarum National Park Office

Jl. C.Oevang Oeray No. 43 Sintang

Telp./Fax. +62 (565)22242

e-mail : balai.tnds@yahoo.com

 

 

Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, the largest remaining primary lowland forest in Java

A home of endemic and endangered mammals, the Javan gibbon (Trachypithecus auratus) and the grizzled langur, Gunung Halimun Salak National Park covers a huge conservation area of 113,000 hectares. The park which is located in West Java is considered to be the largest remaining primary lowland forest in Java. It is also habitat for more than 200 bird species and 500 plant species. Kasepuhan is one the communities living in the park which still holds customary law tightly in their daily life. Their tradition is very attractive for visitors.

The park consists of several mounts which visitors can climb to. The height of the mount peak varies from 1,700 to 2,211 above sea level. Most of the mounts are covered by dense forest canopy. Therefore, mount climber must obey the rules declared by the park for safety reasons.

Other interesting objects are waterfalls. The park has several waterfalls scattered all over the park, such as :

  • Cimantaja and Cipamulan Waterfalls, located at Cikiray Village, Cikidang Subdristrict, Sukabumi District.
  • Piit (Cihanjawar), Walet and Cikudapaeh Waterfalls, located around Nirmala Tea Plantation.
  • Citangkolo Waterfall, located at Mekarjaya Village, Kabandungan Subdistrict, Sukabumi District.
  • Ciberang and Cileungsing Waterfalls, located around Leuwijamang Kampoong.
  • Ciarnisah Waterfall, located around Cibedug Kampoong.
  • At Mt. Salak there are several waterfalls, including: Cangkuang Waterfall (Cidahu); Pilung Waterfall (Girijaya); Cibadak Waterfall (Cijeruk); Citiis Waterfall (Ciapus); Nangka Waterfall (Taman Sari); Ciputri Waterfall (Tenjolaya); Cihurang, Cigamea, Ngumpet, and Seribu Waterfalls (Pamijahan), Cibeureum Waterfall (Jayanegara).

Ratu Crater which is located at the slope of Mt. Salak is another natural phenomenn attractive for visitors. Visitors must be very carefull as hazardous toxic gases may release from the crater.

 Cikaniki Research Station is another interesting place to visit inside the park. Within this station there are canopy trail. The trail is about 100 meters in length and about 25 – 30 meters height from the forest floor. It is a kind of suspended bridge used as bird watching or nature interpretation.

Homestay is available at Cikaniki village and Sukagalih village. Visitors can stay here to learn the local culture.

Visitor activities :

Hiking, mount climbing, jungle tracking, camping, bird watching, flora and fauna sightseeing.

How to get there :

From Jakarta, take buses or taxi or railway to Bogor.

From Bogor you must drive to Kabandungan via Parungkuda.

Some waterfalls are located near Bogor so you do not have to go to Kabandungan.

Best time of year to visit: June to August

 Contact :

Jl. Raya Cipanas, Kabandungan, Sukabumi

Telp./Fax. : +62-266-621256

Website : www.tnhalimun.go.id

E-mail : mail@tnhalimun.go.id

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