Baluran National Park

Grassland (savanna) alike African is here, in Baluran National Park!…

Baluran consists of various type of Indonesian ecosystems, hence the park is called as the microcosm of Indonesian forest ecosystem. The ecosystems vary from coastal forest, mangrove forest, salt water forest, savanna, mountainous rain forest, monsoon forest, seagrass and coral reef. Mount Baluran (1,247 meters) is an inactive volcano which sits at the edge of the Bali sea.

Baluran is well known as a home for big mammalia such as the Javanese wild ox, Rusa deer, Barking deer, Feral water buffalo, Asiatic wild dog, including rare species the Javan panther. A quite number of bird species also lives in the park such as the green jungle fowl, the red jungle fowl, the Javanese peacock, etc. Monkeys, lizards, squires, palm civet, Javan warty pig also live in the park.

The savanna which covers 40% of the park is a grassing place for animals such as Javanese wild ox, water buffalo and Javan rusa.

Visitor activities :

Visitors can enjoy outdoor activities such as outbound, Safari rides, forest trek, bird watching, camping, mountain hiking, climbing. The beach is a good place for rowing, boating, canoeing, snorkelling and diving.

Best seasons to visit : June to November every year

How to get there

From Surabaya, take a bus heading to Situbondo via the north coastal road (about 5 – 6 hours drive) or take a railway heading to Banyuwangi and take another 1 hour drive to Situbondo.

From Bali, take a bus heading to Banyuwangi

Contact :

Baluran National Park Office

Jl. Raya Situbondo-Banyuwangi Desa Wonorejo, Kec. Banyuputih Kab. Situbondo.

Phone : +62333-461650
Fax : +62333-463864.

website :

e-mail :


Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park which is located in Malang, about 4 hour drive from Surabaya, the capital city of East Java Province, has been known worldwide. The park consists of three major old caldera;  Mt.Bromo, Mt.Tengger and Mt.Semeru. Of which, Bromo is the most popular ones for the visitors. It is easily recognized as the entire top has been blown off and the crater inside constantly belches white sulphurous smoke. Bromo is very unique as it lays within the Tengger caldera which has massive diameter of nearly 10 km. In the mean time, Semeru or named as Mahameru (Great Mountain) is the most active volcanos in Indonesia, as it erupts periodically, almost every 20 minute, sometimes containing smoke, ash and stones.  Semeru, is the highest peak of Java which has lakes os Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo and Ranu Kombolo. Mt. Tengger is an ancient caldera which has a unique sea of sand (Lautan Pasir) where newer volcanoes emerged ;  Mt. Batok, Mt. Kursi, Mt. Watangan and Mt. Widodaren.

Visitors come to the park either to climb the mountains or surfing the sea of sand inside the caldera by foot or horseback to get to the peak or to catch the wonderfull scenery of sunrise over the mountains. Mount Pananjakan, one of several mountains around the Tengger caldera is the most favourite point to see the entire volcanic complex of Tengger.

Tenggerese, the indigenous people living within the park is Hindu communities, a remnant from the Majapahit era.  It is believed that they are to be the descendents of the Majapahit.

The ecosystem of the park are sub-montane, montane and sub-alpine ecosystem types, with big trees that are hundreds of years old. They are home for 137 species of bird, 22 species of mammal, and four species of reptile. They are also habitats for some endangered and protected animal species such as the marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata), deer (Cervus timorensis russa), long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak), red junglefowl (Gallus gallus), panther (Panthera pardus), Asian wild dog (Cuon alpinus javanicus) and various species of bird such as the besra sparrow hawk (Accipiter virgatus virgatus), crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela bido), rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros silvestris), black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus), brahminy kite (Haliastur indus), and ducks that live on the Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo and Ranu Kombolo Lakes.

Among the plants that exist in the Park are jamuju (Podocarpus imbricatus), cemara gunung (Casuarina sp.), edelweiss (Anaphalis javanica), various species of orchid, and rare species of grass (Styphelia pungieus).

Interesting locations/attractions:

Cemorolawang: one of entrance gates through which visitors pass to see the expanse of the sand sea and Bromo’s crater from a distance; camping is possible here.

Tengger Sand Sea and Mt. Bromo: horse riding; climbing up concrete steps to the rim of Mt. Bromo’s crater, and witnessing the sunrise.
Pananjakan: viewing a magnificent panorama of Mt. Bromo, Mt. Batok, and Mt. Semeru.
Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo and Mt. Semeru. Ranu Darungan Lake: camping and observing animals and plants

Best time of year to visit: June to October, and December to January.

How to get there

By flight to get to Surabaya or Malang airports.

From Surabaya, take Pasuruan or Malang routes :

  • Pasuruan-Warung Dowo-Tosari-Wonokitri-Mt. Bromo by car (71 km), or Malang-Tumpang-Gubuk Klakah-Jemplang-Mt. Bromo by car (53 km), and Jemplang-Ranu Pani-Ranu Kumbolo,
  • Malang-Purwodadi-Nongkojajar-Tosari-Wonokitri-Penanjakan by car (83 km). From Malang to Ranu Pani by car for about 70 minutes and proceed on foot to Puncak Semeru (the peak of Mt. Semeru) – this takes about 13 hours.



Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park Office

Jl. Raden Intan No. 6 Malang – Jawa Timur

Telp./Fax. +62341491828

Website :

e-mail : tn

Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park


Located in Sumba Island, Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park consists plenty of steepy slopes. The slopes rise from the sea reaching height of 600 meters. The park is a habitat of 87 species of birds, all are protected. 7 out of them are endemic to the island including Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata, Rhyticeros everetti, Treron teysmannii, Ficedula harterti, Coracina dohertyi, Nectarinia buettikofer. The first two birds are rare and almost extinct. The park is also home for 57 butterfly species, 7 of them are endemic to the island; Papilio neumoegenii, Ideopsis oberthurii, Delias fasciata, Junonia adulatrix, Athyma karita, Sumalia chilo, dan Elimnia amoena. In term of flora, there are 118 species including Toona sureni, Sterculia foetida, Schleichera oleosa, Alstonia scholaris, Tamarindus indica, Aleurites moluccana, Syzygium sp., Casuarina sp.) and Lantana camara.

Interesting sites :

Lapopu Waterfall







Matayangu Waterfall










Beaches ; Aili, Hipi, Maloba, Marabakul







Caves : Jaga, Pattamawai, Bakul, Ngaduredu, Ngacupadano








Visitor Activities :

Jungle trekking, camping, bird watching,

Best time to visit : March until June and October until December yearly

How to get there : Take a flight from Jakarta to Denpasar (Bali). Continue by flight to Tambolaka. Take a drive to Waikabubak about one and half hours.

 Contact :

Manupe Tanah Daru National Park Office

 Kantor: Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan

PO Box 15, Kupang 85228

Nusa Tenggara Timur

Telp. (0380) 832211

Ujung Kulon National Park, the last home of the last Javan Rhinoceros

Ujung Kulon National Park is one of the eldest national parks in Indonesia. The park was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for containing the largest remaining lowland rainforest in Java. The ecosystem of the park is started from the marine, the lowland tropical rainforest, the highland tropical rain forest, mangrove and savana. These ecosystems make the park is rich in flora and fauna.

It is a home for some rare and endangered animals as such Javan rhinoceros, Banteng (Javanese wild ox), Silvery Gibbon, Javan Lutung, Leopard, Rusa Deer, etc. Birds, amphibians and reptiles also live in these dense rainforest. The park is the only wildlife reserve for the last fifty Javan rinhoceros in the world. The park is also habitat for some rare and endangered plant species such as Batryohora geniculata, Cleidion spiciflorum, Heritiera percoriacea, and Knema globularia.

Ujung Kulon National Park which is located in the western most tip of Java have several beautiful offshore islands such as Panaitan, Handeuleum, Peucang and Krakatoa.

Interesting sites :

Peucang Island is one of the most favourite place for visitors. The island is very beautiful as to call “the Dream Land”. The island is the habitat of Russa timorensis and the long tail macaca (Macaca fscicularis).

Banteng feeding ground at Cidaon savana

Badak feeding groun at Cibunar

Sanghyangsirah cave

Panaitan island which has One Palm Point, the most favourable surfing point.

Cibiuk hot water resource

Cikacang waterfall, the habitat of Owa

Visitor activities :

Snorkelling, diving, wind surfing, hiking, camping, caving, jungle tracking, wild animal and bird watching, etc.

How to get there :

From Jakarta, drive to Serang (Banten Province) and continue to Labuan (1.5 hours). From Labuan continue to Taman Jaya, the starting point of the park (3.5 hours).

Best season to visit :

April to September every year

Contact :

Ujung Kulon National Park

Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan No.51, Labuan

Pandeglang, 42264, West Java

Telp./Fax. +62-253-801731

Website :

E-mail :

Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, the largest remaining primary lowland forest in Java

A home of endemic and endangered mammals, the Javan gibbon (Trachypithecus auratus) and the grizzled langur, Gunung Halimun Salak National Park covers a huge conservation area of 113,000 hectares. The park which is located in West Java is considered to be the largest remaining primary lowland forest in Java. It is also habitat for more than 200 bird species and 500 plant species. Kasepuhan is one the communities living in the park which still holds customary law tightly in their daily life. Their tradition is very attractive for visitors.

The park consists of several mounts which visitors can climb to. The height of the mount peak varies from 1,700 to 2,211 above sea level. Most of the mounts are covered by dense forest canopy. Therefore, mount climber must obey the rules declared by the park for safety reasons.

Other interesting objects are waterfalls. The park has several waterfalls scattered all over the park, such as :

  • Cimantaja and Cipamulan Waterfalls, located at Cikiray Village, Cikidang Subdristrict, Sukabumi District.
  • Piit (Cihanjawar), Walet and Cikudapaeh Waterfalls, located around Nirmala Tea Plantation.
  • Citangkolo Waterfall, located at Mekarjaya Village, Kabandungan Subdistrict, Sukabumi District.
  • Ciberang and Cileungsing Waterfalls, located around Leuwijamang Kampoong.
  • Ciarnisah Waterfall, located around Cibedug Kampoong.
  • At Mt. Salak there are several waterfalls, including: Cangkuang Waterfall (Cidahu); Pilung Waterfall (Girijaya); Cibadak Waterfall (Cijeruk); Citiis Waterfall (Ciapus); Nangka Waterfall (Taman Sari); Ciputri Waterfall (Tenjolaya); Cihurang, Cigamea, Ngumpet, and Seribu Waterfalls (Pamijahan), Cibeureum Waterfall (Jayanegara).

Ratu Crater which is located at the slope of Mt. Salak is another natural phenomenn attractive for visitors. Visitors must be very carefull as hazardous toxic gases may release from the crater.

 Cikaniki Research Station is another interesting place to visit inside the park. Within this station there are canopy trail. The trail is about 100 meters in length and about 25 – 30 meters height from the forest floor. It is a kind of suspended bridge used as bird watching or nature interpretation.

Homestay is available at Cikaniki village and Sukagalih village. Visitors can stay here to learn the local culture.

Visitor activities :

Hiking, mount climbing, jungle tracking, camping, bird watching, flora and fauna sightseeing.

How to get there :

From Jakarta, take buses or taxi or railway to Bogor.

From Bogor you must drive to Kabandungan via Parungkuda.

Some waterfalls are located near Bogor so you do not have to go to Kabandungan.

Best time of year to visit: June to August

 Contact :

Jl. Raya Cipanas, Kabandungan, Sukabumi

Telp./Fax. : +62-266-621256

Website :

E-mail :

Meru Betiri National Park, the last home of the Javan Tiger

Meru Betiri National Park is located at Jember District, East Java, about 4 hours drive to the east from Surabaya, the capital city of East Java Province. The park consists of mangrove forest, swamp forest and lowland rain forest ecosystems. The park is known to be the last home of the endangered animal, the Javan tiger (Panthera trigis sondaica). It is a habitat of the rafflesia flower (Rafflesia zollingeriana), bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa), api-api (Avicennia sp) and many others including medicinal plants. A quite large protected mammals and birds live in this park including banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), panther (Panthera pardus), long-tailed macaca (Macaca fascicularis), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis). The beach which is bordered the park with the Indian Ocean on the southern part is habitat of turtles such as common green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Pacific ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), hawksbill turtle and leatherback turtle.

Interesting sites to visit :

Bande Alit Beach, Rajegwesi Beach and Sukamade Beach.

Sumbersari : grazing area

Visitor activities :

Traditional fishing, swimming, camping, wind surfing, body board, turtle egg laying, jungle tracking, bird watching, flora and fauna sightseeing.

Special program :

Jungle adventure starting from Bandealit Beach – Sumbergadung -Meru Bay – Permisan Bay – Sukamade Beach (18 km, 3 days). Best time : June – Sepember.

Jungle adventure starting from Bandealit Beach – Meru Bay (14 Km, 5-6 hours).

Best time of year visit : throughout the year

How to get there :

Take a bus or railway to Jember. To get to each location you must rent a car or by your own car, the best way is to have an arrangement with National Park officer.

Contact :

Meru Betiri National Park

Jl. Sriwijaya 53 Kotak Pos 269

Jember – 68101

Telp./Fax. : +62-331-321530 / +62-331-335535

website :

E-mail :